Yes! I just tried my Acer Predator Helios 300 laptop which has both Nvidia 1060 as well as the Integrated Intel graphics from its i7-7700HQ CPU in it, and I right clicked the shortcut to Blender and “Run with graphics processor -> Integrated Graphics” and I see exactly the behavior you describe.
It works fine with the default Nvidia 1060 of course.
The default cube shows only the selection outline. If I ALT-A it becomes totally invisible, but I can right click its location to re-select it. With Solid shading it’s invisible, and with LookDev or Rendered (Eevee) it shows as a solid black void. F12 render with Eevee renders it as a transparent void containing the checkered zero alpha pattern surrounded by the background color.
So perhaps it’s an issue just affecting Intel Integrated 3D Graphics support, at least on some processors?