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Change GPU shader 3d to 2d rectangle

On the GPU page here we get some examples on how to use the GPU shader. Im interested in the last one, the 2d dotted line technique. Yet i would like to use this for a 2d rectangle. I’d like to use it as a select or border selection.

The part how the shader is made is totally strange for me. I dont know where i can find more info about this part.

import bpy
import gpu
from random import random
from mathutils import Vector
from gpu_extras.batch import batch_for_shader

vertex_shader = '''
    uniform mat4 u_ViewProjectionMatrix;

    in vec3 position;
    in float arcLength;

    out float v_ArcLength;

    void main()
        v_ArcLength = arcLength;
        gl_Position = u_ViewProjectionMatrix * vec4(position, 1.0f);

fragment_shader = '''
    uniform float u_Scale;

    in float v_ArcLength;

    void main()
        if (step(sin(v_ArcLength * u_Scale), 0.5) == 1) discard;
        gl_FragColor = vec4(1.0);

coords = [Vector((random(), random(), random())) * 5 for _ in range(5)]

arc_lengths = [0]
for a, b in zip(coords[:-1], coords[1:]):
    arc_lengths.append(arc_lengths[-1] + (a - b).length)

shader = gpu.types.GPUShader(vertex_shader, fragment_shader)
batch = batch_for_shader(
    shader, 'LINE_STRIP',
    {"position": coords, "arcLength": arc_lengths},

def draw():
    matrix = bpy.context.region_data.perspective_matrix
    shader.uniform_float("u_ViewProjectionMatrix", matrix)
    shader.uniform_float("u_Scale", 10)

bpy.types.SpaceView3D.draw_handler_add(draw, (), 'WINDOW', 'POST_VIEW')