I want to run my modified Blender on another machine, without having to download the source code.
Just copy over the files and you should be good to go.
I think you refer to the local repository
I’m confused what you are asking, what have you done and what are you trying to accomplish?
copy the blender-git/build_linux/bin folder onto another Ubuntu machine, and try to run ./blender
oh linux, yikes, it’s a ‘little’ harder there, you’ll have to statically build and link all dependencies into the blender binary.
Also if this is on ubuntu, why are you asking about windows in the title?!
I was under the false impression that I could compile a windows installer under Linux
You can’t build blender for windows on linux currently, the installer would be the least of your problems